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Taiwan is located in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China.

Climate: Tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year.

Population: 23,024,956 (July 2010 est.)

Currency: New Taiwan dollars (TWD)

Exchange Rates: New Taiwan dollars (TWD) per US dollar - 31.864 (2010), 33.061 (2009), 31.53 (2008)

Time Zone: MST (UTC+8)

Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Visitors Web site: www.go2Taiwan.net

Other Information

  • Highly educated population with a 96% literacy rate
  • A leader in heavy chemical and technology-intensive industries (electronics and information)
  • Originally inhabited by aborigines of Malayan descent, settlers from mainland China and their descendents now comprise Taiwan's majority
  • Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch colonial influences
  • Mandarin Chinese, Taiwanese and Hakka are mainly spoken
  • Lush mountains, pulsating cities, stunning basalt cliffs, excellent hiking and some of the world's finest hot springs