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Taiwan

Taiwan is located in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China.

Climate: Tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year.

Population: 23,024,956 (July 2010 est.)

Currency: New Taiwan dollars (TWD)

Exchange Rates: New Taiwan dollars (TWD) per US dollar - 31.864 (2010), 33.061 (2009), 31.53 (2008)

Time Zone: MST (UTC+8)

Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Visitors Web site: www.go2Taiwan.net

Other Information

  • Highly educated population with a 96% literacy rate
  • A leader in heavy chemical and technology-intensive industries (electronics and information)
  • Originally inhabited by aborigines of Malayan descent, settlers from mainland China and their descendents now comprise Taiwan's majority
  • Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch colonial influences
  • Mandarin Chinese, Taiwanese and Hakka are mainly spoken
  • Lush mountains, pulsating cities, stunning basalt cliffs, excellent hiking and some of the world's finest hot springs